World Day for International Justice, also referred to as Day of International Criminal Justice or International Justice Day, is an international day celebrated throughout the world on July 17 as part of an effort to recognize the emerging system of international criminal justice. July 17 is the date of the adoption of the treaty that created the International Criminal Court. On 1 June 2010, at the Review Conference of the Rome Statute held in Kampala (Uganda), the Assembly of State Parties decided to celebrate 17 July as the Day of International Criminal Justice.
Each year, people around the world use this day to host events to promote international criminal justice, especially support for the International Criminal Court.
World Day for International Justice 2021: Significance
17 July is celebrated as World Day for International Justice because this day is the anniversary of the adoption of the Rome Statute in 1998. With the help of this treaty, the International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in The Hague, Netherlands.
The Rome Statute of International Criminal Court of Justice establishes the court’s functions, jurisdiction and structure while defining eleven broad crimes against humanity, namely, extermination, murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment, rape, forced abortions and other sexual violence, persecution on political, religious, racial and gender grounds, the forcible transfer of populations, the enforced disappearance of persons and the inhumane act of intentional natures.
Since 1998, about 139 countries have signed the Court’s treaty and nearly 80 States, representative of every region of the world, have ratified it.
World Day for International Justice 2021: Theme
This year the theme of World Day of Social Justice 2021 is “A Call for Social Justice in the Digital Economy.” This is in the wake of growing inequalities between the people who have access to digital resources and those who do not. A difference that was so starkly visible during the Coronavirus crisis, as those with access to digital devices and services were able to find easier means to get vaccinated against COVID-19.