Indian-origin journalist wins Pulitzer Prize 2021 for exposing China’s secret detention camps


Indian-origin journalist Megha Rajagopalan along with two contributors won the Pulitzer Prize in the International Reporting category for their innovative investigative reports exposing China’s secretly built Uyghur Muslims detention camps in its Xinjiang region.

Megha Rajagopalan shared the US top journalism award with two of her colleagues – Alison Killing and Christo Buschek – from an internet media publication BuzzFeed News. The award was announced by the Pulitzer Board on June 11, 2021. This is the first Pulitzer for BuzzFeed News, which is a digital news publication founded in 2014.

The three journalists won the award for their Xinjiang series, which exposed  China’s prisons and mass internment camps that were used to detain hundreds of thousands of Muslims in its Xinjiang region.

Minutes after winning, Rajagopalan said she wasn’t even watching the ceremony live because she wasn’t expecting to win. She only found out when she received a call.

Megha Rajagopalan’s Xinjiang series: How did she manage to expose China’s secret detainment camps for Uighur Muslims?

• Megha Rajagopalan and her two colleagues reportedly used satellite imagery and 3D architectural simulations to buttress her interviews with two dozen former prisoners from the detention camps. The camps hosted as many as a million Muslims from Uighur and other minority ethnicities.

• Rajagopalan was the first to visit an internment camp in China in 2017, not long after China began to detain thousands of Muslims in Xinjiang. She was able to visit the camp at a time when China denied that such places existed,as per BuzzFeed News. 

• According to BuzzFeed News, the Chinese government tried to silence her in response by revoking her visa and ejecting her from the country. 

• However, Rajagopalan, refusing to be silenced, partnered with two contributors and began working from London. 

• The three then began analysing thousands of satellite images of the Xinjiang region to find out where China was detaining the 1 million Uyghurs, Kazakhs, and other Muslim minorities.

• They compared censored Chinese images with uncensored mapping software for months. 

• They began with an enormous dataset of 50,000 locations and Christo Buschek built a custom tool to sort through those images. 

• They went through thousands of images one by one, verifying many of the sites against other available evidence and ultimately identified more than 260 structures that appeared to be fortified detention camps. 

• Some of the sites were capable of holding more than 10,000 people and many contained factories where prisoners were forced into labour.

• Rajagopalan also traveled to China’s neighbouring nation Kazakhstan, where many Chinese Muslims have sought refuge and located more than two dozen people who had been prisoners in the Xinjiang camps, winning their trust and convincing them to share their nightmarish accounts with the world.

About Megha Rajagopalan

• As per Pulitzer Prizes’ official website, Megha Rajagopalan is an award-winning international correspondent for BuzzFeed News, based in London. 

• She was a staff correspondent for BuzzFeed News based in China and Thailand as well as in Israel and the Palestinian territories. 

• She was also previously working as a political correspondent for Reuters in China.

• Overall, she has reported from 23 countries in Asia and the Middle East on stories ranging from the North Korean nuclear crisis to the peace process in Afghanistan.

• Her work has been translated into a total of seven languages and is taught in classrooms at Columbia and New York University. 

• Her colleague Alison Killing is a licensed architect, who specialises in forensic analysis of architecture and satellite images of buildings. She basically is a geospatial analyst who uses maps and data to investigate urgent social issues.

• Alison Killing, a licensed architect who specialises in forensic analysis of architecture and satellite images of buildings

• Christo Buschek, on the other, is a programmer and digital security trainer, who builds tools tailored for data journalists and human rights defenders. Rajagopalan is among two Indian-origin journalists who won the US’s top journalism award. 

Neil Bedi wins Pulitzer in Local Reporting Category 

Another Indian-origin journalist, Neil Bedi won the Pulitzer in the local reporting category for investigative stories he wrote along with Kathleen McGrory for the Tampa Bay Times that exposed the misuse of authority by a law enforcement official in Florida to track children.T

The law official reportedly used computer modelling initiative that was set up to identify people believed to be future crime suspects, to monitor about 1,000 people including children.

Pulitzer Prize 2021: Full List of Winners

Award Category


Public Service The New York Times
Breaking News Reporting Staff of the Star Tribune, Minneapolis, Minn.
Investigative Reporting Matt Rocheleau, Vernal Coleman, Laura Crimaldi, Evan Allen and Brendan McCarthy of The Boston Globe
Explanatory Reporting

Andrew Chung, Lawrence Hurley, Andrea Januta, Jaimi Dowdell and Jackie Botts of Reuters

Ed Yong of The Atlantic

Local Reporting Kathleen McGrory and Neil Bedi of the Tampa Bay Times
National Reporting Staffs of The Marshall Project;, Birmingham; IndyStar, Indianapolis; and the Invisible Institute, Chicago
International Reporting Megha Rajagopalan, Alison Killing and Christo Buschek of BuzzFeed News
Feature Writing

Mitchell S. Jackson, freelance contributor, Runner’s World

Nadja Drost, freelance contributor, The California Sunday Magazine

Commentary Michael Paul Williams of the Richmond (Va.) Times-Dispatch
Criticism Wesley Morris of The New York Times
Editorial Writing Robert Greene of the Los Angeles Times
Breaking News Photography Photography Staff of Associated Press
Feature Photography Emilio Morenatti of Associated Press
Audio Reporting Lisa Hagen, Chris Haxel, Graham Smith and Robert Little of National Public Radio


Award Category


Fiction The Night Watchman, by Louise Erdrich (Harper)
Drama The Hot Wing King, by Katori Hall
History Franchise: The Golden Arches in Black America, by Marcia Chatelain (Liveright/Norton)
Biography The Dead Are Arising: The Life of Malcolm X, by the late Les Payne and Tamara Payne (Liveright/Norton)
Poetry Postcolonial Love Poem, by Natalie Diaz (Graywolf Press)
General Nonfiction Wilmington’s Lie: The Murderous Coup of 1898 and the Rise of White Supremacy, by David Zucchino (Atlantic Monthly Press)
Music Stride, by Tania León (Peermusic Classical)
Special Awards and Citations Darnella Frazier


The Pulitzer prize is a top US journalism award, which is awarded every year in twenty-one categories. Each winner in twenty of the categories receives a certificate and a USD 15,000 cash award. The winner in the public service category is honoured with a gold medal.

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